[86], Historically Bournemouth has suffered from negative rates of natural increase and has relied on immigration to maintain population growth. [95] Of those employed in Bournemouth based industries, 29.32% were employed in the public administration, education and health sector. [185], The Bournemouth local education authority was first set up in 1903 and remained in existence until local government was reorganised in 1974 when Bournemouth lost its County Borough status and became part of the county of Dorset. All Biggest Cities in the United Kingdom. [91] This was 10% higher than the average employment in the service sector for Great Britain and 11% higher than the South West. Those with an NVQ level 1 comprise 8.0% of the population while 15.2% have a level 2 NVQ, a City and Guilds craft certificate, BTEC or general diploma. [136], Robert Louis Stevenson wrote The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and most of his novel Kidnapped from his house "Skerryvore" on the west cliff, Westbourne. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 183,491, making it the largest in the administrative county of Dorset. [186][187], The local council operates a two-tier comprehensive system whereby pupils attend one of the 26 primary schools in the borough before completing their education at secondary school. The next elections are due to occur in 2024. The next largest groups are 'Asian/Asian British' and 'Mixed/multiple ethnic groups'. [124] The Arts by the Sea Festival is a mix of dance, film, theatre, literature, and music[125] which was launched in 2012 by the local university, the Arts University Bournemouth, and is set to become an annual event. [118], One of Bournemouth's most noted cultural institutions is Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra which was formed in 1893 under Dan Godfrey. [119][120] It became the first municipal orchestra in the country when in 1896, Bournemouth Borough Council took control and Godfrey was appointed musical director and head of the town's entertainments. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Office for National Statistics. [94] Industry in Bournemouth employed more than 76,400 people in 2011 but not all of these were Bournemouth residents. [36] The large amounts of barbed wire and anti-tank obstacles along the beach, and the mines at the foot of the chines, took two years to remove when peace was finally achieved. [196] The remainder, to the east, belongs to the Diocese of Winchester. Frederick Charles Riggs VC MM (1888–1918),[237] Cecil Noble VC (1891–1915),[238] and Lieutenant Colonel Derek Anthony Seagrim VC (1903–1943),[239][240] Three flying aces came from Bournemouth too, Captain Keith Muspratt MC (1897–1918),[241] Captain Robert A. Birkbeck DFC (1898–1938),[242] and Flight Lieutenant Charles John Sims DFC (1899–1929).[243]. [244] Bailey was knighted in 1946 for his bridge design when he was living quietly in Southbourne in Bournemouth. Answer: Bournemouth, United Kingdom (Administrative unit: England) - [154] [141] In his book, England's Thousand Best Churches, Simon Jenkins describes the chancel as "one of the richest Gothic Revival interiors in England", while the 202 feet (62 m) spire dominates the surrounding skyline. A number of TV actors came from Bournemouth, including , Juliette Kaplan [219] from the BBC comedy Last of the Summer Wine, Ray Lonnen [220] from the series The Sandbaggers (1978–80), Alison Newman, actress who played Hazel Bailey [221] in Footballers' Wives and DI Samantha Keeble [222] in EastEnders. The main entrance is sited within a projected façade that reaches to the eaves and is topped with a pediment, while above sits a belvedere with turrets and a pavilion roof. Today it is a venue for university cricket. North of the centre there is an out-of-town shopping complex called Castlepoint. [144][145], The borough has two piers: Bournemouth Pier, close to the town centre, and the shorter but architecturally more important Boscombe Pier. This means that without migration into the area, the population would decline. [156], The town has a professional football club, AFC Bournemouth, known as the Cherries, which play in the Championship AFC Bournemouth play at Dean Court near Boscombe in Kings' Park, 2 miles (3 km) east of the town centre. [2][3][4] The word bourne, meaning a small stream, is a derivative of burna, old English for a brook. This survived until the 2000s when it was turned into a climbing adventure centre. The town is also a regional centre of business, home of the Bournemouth International Centre or BIC, and a financial sector that is worth more than £1,000 million in gross value added. With seven glorious miles of idyllic coastline you’re sure to find a number of surprising things to do in this bustling town as you and your family create epic memories you’ll treasure forever. These cliffs are cut by a number of chines which provide natural access to the shore. [41][43] The site is now used as an outdoor event arena. Established in 1865 as Westover and Bournemouth Rowing Club, it is reported to be the oldest sporting association in the county. [99], Those of working age make up approximately 65% of Bournemouth's population and of these, 74.6% are economically active although not necessarily employed within the Bournemouth area. stream Despite enormous investment, the town's share of the market remained modest. The A31 joins the M27 at Cadnam and from there the M3 to London and the A34 to the Midlands and the North can be accessed. 2 0 obj Seagrim" by Sax, 1943. [2][9], In the 12th century the region around the mouth of the River Bourne was part of the Hundred of Holdenhurst. Also, each year the population of Bournemouth increases by 1428 in terms of aggregate. [78] Turbary Park is a heathland which is a protected Site of Special Scientific Interest. BCP held its first elections in 2019, which resulted in the Conservatives as the largest party, but with No Overall Control; A Unity Alliance Administration of other groups subsequently formed. [161] Bournemouth Cricket Club also plays at Bournemouth Sports Club and is reported to be one of the biggest cricket clubs in the country. [150] During the First World War the hotel was used as a hospital for British and Indian soldiers and after as a convalescent home. The least populated is East Southbourne and Tuckton with only 23 people per hectare. [115], The Lower, Central and Upper Gardens are Grade II* public parks, leading for several miles down the valley of the River Bourne through the centre of the town to the sea. The hundred later became the Liberty of Westover when it was extended to include the settlements of North Ashley, Muscliff, Muccleshell, Throop, Iford, Pokesdown, Tuckton and Wick, and incorporated into the Manor of Christchurch.

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