New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Quinn, Philip L. "Divine command theory." The theory asserts that what is moral is determined by God's commands and that for a person to be moral he is to follow God's commands. God's commands dictate right and wrong—what He says to do is right, and what He says not to do is wrong. As a result, religion as an ethical system does not provide specific ethical guidance to specific ethical dilemmas. Officers who believe in God are also able to look at these situations and find comfort in the belief that God has a plan for everyone, even those who have been unfairly victimized. The first is Divine Command theory that is not used anywhere in the world by the major organized religions. Most religions point to scripture (Bible and Qur’an) for answers, but it is still possible to question whether these state the will of God. Divine Command Theory, or DCT, is the most prominent ethical framework adopted by religious thinkers in modern times. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The dilemma has continued to present a problem for theists since Plato presented it and is still the object of theological and philosophical debate. In Works of Love and Purity of Heart, Kierkegaard skillfully examines Christian ethics and the maxim, Love Thy Neighbour.[2]. Believing that death is not the end, but a new beginning, may help officers who practise religion deal with pain and suffering. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It is mistaken for the foundation of the moral theory of Judaism and Christianity and Islam but it is not so. Throughout the world, people rely on a variety of religions to help them determine the most ethical action to take. Thus Ockham embraces the divine command theory wholeheartedly; his view has been characterized as being that "God's command is good" is analytically true. It implies that calling God good makes no sense – or, at best, that one is simply saying that God is consistent: “God does whatever he commands”. He argues that, for one set of moral values at least, God could not have commanded otherwise because they are necessary (omnipotence, of course, means being able to do anything, but the logically impossible is essentially nonsensical, and not part of anything). These officers can draw strength from their belief that the apparently random victimization wasn’t so random, and that God was acting in a way that, while hard to explain, is planned for some reason only known to God. Divine command theory is an ethical view based on theism or the belief that God exists. The Divine Command Theory 51 4.3. Specifically, divine command theory can offer officers a written or prescribed direction to morality. The Christian officer may take offecse to such an order, in spite of the court’s ruling and society’s general acceptance of abortion. However, there is ambiguity in the way in which some scripture is interpreted. He finds it comprehensive but yet written in simple language which is ready to understand. Religion is often considered the most widely used system to make ethical decisions and to conduct moral reasoning (Pollock, 2007). I think it would be best used as a companion to a text book and as a revision aid. ETHICAL EGOISM 64 5.1. Duns Scotus (d. 1308) is responsible for one approach that has been influential in modern times. SC (Teacher), “Very helpful and concise.” For law enforcement officers in a pluralistic society, who are entrenched in religious doctrine and make ethical decisions based on that religious doctrine, their ethical decisions will not be acceptable with numerous segments of the society that they are sworn to treat equally. Different from the divine command theory, the "divine command theory of happiness" is a doctrine of positive psychology, which holds that happiness and rewards follow from obeying the commands of the divine.[1]. There have been two prominent responses to the problem of knowing God's commands. The following are some of the standard objections to the divine command theory: First, it may imply that morality is arbitrary. Sam (Student), “This is a functional book that explains all the concepts very clearly without any waffle. If DCT is true, morality is based merely on God’s whim. The 'Confusion to Avoid' sections at the end of each chapter will be particularly useful.” Either one chooses to live in faith (the religious stage) or to live ethically (the ethical stage). And it … However, this would mean that necessity, not God, is the source of objective morality. He wrote, "We may be perfectly sure, indeed, that whatever is right is conformable to the will of God: but so far is that from answering the purpose of showing us what is right, that it is necessary to know first whether a thing is right, in order to know from thence whether it be conformable to the will of God." It is often argued that divine command theory is confuted by the "Euthyphro dilemma" (so named because a version of it first appeared in Plato's dialogue Euthyphro) which asks, "is an action morally good because God commands it, or does God command it because it is morally good?". DCT implies that morality is arbitrary. The notion that the might or power of God should be the basis of our ethical decisions indicates that the morality of the decision is based upon the fear of God’s might and power. How can divine command theory assist law enforcement in moral dilemmas? (Amazon Verified Customer), "Wow! Specifically, in a criminal justice context, Rawls (2005) viewed religion in public life as something that was out of place and that should, instead, be a private affair. Yet Cantrell goes a little too far in the right Because God is benevolent, the two meanings coincide; God is, however, free to command other than he has done, and if he had chosen to command, for example, that murder was morally right, then the two meanings would break apart.

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