[25] The introduced birds in New Zealand, where the cuckoo does not occur, have, over the past 130 years, retained the ability to recognize and reject non-mimetic eggs. This fantastic wetland site is located north of Southport town centre and has some of the best wildlife in the region. And he is no mean preacher It is a partial migrant with some birds wintering in southern France and Iberia. "[48] Hunting continues today around the Mediterranean, but is not believed to be a major factor in this species' decline in parts of its range. The alarm call is a chook-chook becoming shorter and more strident with increasing danger. Mimicry may include the imitation of man-made items like telephones,[14] and the song thrush will also repeat the calls of captive birds, including exotics such as the white-faced whistling duck. [6] Mavis is derived via Middle English mavys and Old French mauvis from Middle Breton milhuyt meaning "thrush. [6] The precise reasons for the decline are not known but may be related to the loss of hedgerows, a move to sowing crops in autumn rather than spring, and possibly the increased use of pesticides. The song thrush breeds in forests, gardens and parks, and is partially migratory with many birds wintering in southern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; it has also been introduced into New Zealand and Australia. The mistle thrush (T. viscivorus) is much larger and has white tail corners, and the Chinese thrush (T. mupinensis), although much more similar in plumage, has black face markings and does not overlap in range. [11], The song thrush is not usually gregarious, although several birds may roost together in winter or be loosely associated in suitable feeding habitats, perhaps with other thrushes such as the blackbird, fieldfare, redwing and dark-throated thrush. [23], During migration, the song thrush travels mainly at night with a strong and direct flight action. [11], The most similar European thrush species is the redwing (T. iliacus), but that bird has a strong white supercilium, red flanks, and shows a red underwing in flight. [35] The nestlings are mainly fed on animal food such as worms, slugs, snails and insect larvae. It has brown upper-parts and black-spotted cream or buff underparts and has three recognised subspecies. They are more or less flightless at first, but within a week can fly well. Since the song thrush has two or three broods a year, the breeding season is long and lasts from March to August. She lays four or five bright glossy blue eggs which are lightly spotted with black or purple;[11] they are typically 2.7 cm × 2.0 cm (1.06 in × 0.79 in) size and weigh 6.0 g (0.21 oz), of which 6% is shell. This form intergrades with the nominate subspecies in central Europe, and with T. p. hebridensis in the Inner Hebrides and western Scotland, and in these areas birds show intermediate characteristics. The typical lifespan is three years, but the maximum recorded age is 10 years 8 months. The song also inspired the nineteenth-century British writer Thomas Hardy, who spoke in Darkling Thrush of the bird's "full-hearted song evensong/Of joy illimited",[42] but twentieth-century British poet Ted Hughes in Thrushes concentrated on its hunting prowess: "Nothing but bounce and/stab/and a ravening second". [11], The song thrush (as represented by the nominate subspecies T. p. philomelos) is 20 to 23.5 centimetres (8 to 9.25 in) in length and weighs 50–107 grammes (1.8 to 3.8 oz). Her name is derived from the Ancient Greek Φιλο philo- (loving), and μέλος melos (song). Heathland home to more than 2565 species. T. p. hebridensis, described by British ornithologist William Eagle Clarke in 1913, is a mainly sedentary (non-migratory) form found in the Outer Hebrides and Isle of Skye in Scotland.


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